Cooperation in International Waters in Africa: Annual Report FY2017

in International
Waters in Africa:

Annual Report FY2017

CIWA assists riparian governments in Sub-Saharan Africa
in addressing constraints to cooperative water resources management
and development with the goal of unlocking the potential for
sustainable, inclusive, and climate-resilient growth.



Message from the Program Manager:

The Cooperation in International Waters in Africa (CIWA) program works at the interface of some of the most important challenges facing Africa today: economic development and growth; poverty reduction and social inclusion; climate mitigation and adaptation; fragility and conflict; and disaster risk management and reduction. The way that Africa’s water is developed, managed, and shared has very significant ramifications for each of these challenges, and the CIWA program—part of the World Bank’s global water practice—is proud to be working with African leaders, organizations and communities to tackle these challenges.

With most of Sub-Saharan Africa’s water resources shared among several countries, cooperation over those resources is essential. The CIWA program continues to provide clients with the well-rounded support they need to improve their ability to manage and develop their water resources in inclusive, climate-smart, and cooperative ways.

FY17 Overview
CIWA Resource Envelope US$85.1 million
Funding Leveraged US$31.9 million
hand with water droplet

Estimated Beneficiaries
52.7 million


Investments Influenced
US$12.9 billion


Why support transboundary water cooperation?

International cooperation in Africa is essential for effective water management and development, which lay the foundations needed to lift people out of poverty.
90% of Africans

Africa has tremendous but currently undermanaged water resources that can improve livelihoods, strengthen water security, improve resilience, and fuel economic growth.

Africa with river icon

Since 90% of Africans live in shared river basins, transboundary cooperation is key to meeting Africa’s development needs.

Ways people benefit from CIWA support

  • Access to electricity
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Water supply
  • Water storage
  • Power trade
  • Environmental conservation
  • Watershed management
  • Fisheries
  • Ecosystem services
  • Reduced flood risks
  • Mitigated risks
  • Shared prosperity
  • Poverty alleviation
  • Food security
  • Water security
  • Irrigation
  • Navigation
  • Early warning systems
  • Hydrological and meteorological data
  • Livelihood protection
  • Reduced drought risks
  • Economic opportunities
  • Climate resilience
  • Reduced uncertainty
  • Reduced vulnerability
  • Energy security
  • Stakeholder consultations
  • Regional integration
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How do we deliver?

CIWA’s blended approach, deep relationships, and strong technical expertise make the program unique in its ability to help clients cooperate around shared waters and achieve high development returns on donor investment.

Learning from decades of transboundary lessons, CIWA uses a unique business model that prioritizes multi-year support while also providing short-term resources to meet stakeholder needs in water, food, energy, navigation, and other water-dependent sectors.
map of Africa with regional economic communities called out
transboundary cooperation: information, institutions, and investments
CIWA support is focused around three pillars: improving information for cooperation and decision-making, strengthening institutions that facilitate transboundary cooperation, and supporting the preparation of infrastructure that makes real differences to people’s lives.

The program also provides a platform for dialogue, technical support and analysis, as well as develops knowledge products that help to strengthen shared understanding, trust, and confidence among riparian countries.CIWA generates new knowledge on how transboundary cooperation builds resilience in Africaarrow

CIWA comes in to help the member states think through the different development options and hopefully come up with a development trajectory that will lead to sustainability, and fairness and equity amongst all the countries.

– Sekgowa Motsumi, Program Coordinator,
Permanent Okavango River Basin Water Commission

CIWA support helps lay the foundation for sustainable, resilient infrastructure by raising the level of professional capacity in investment planning and packaging, and by promoting inclusive stakeholder engagement throughout the project cycle. This promotes shared socioeconomic benefits, poverty reduction, and gender inclusion.

CIWA can help ensure that anytime there is a discussion, policy, program, or project, that communities are also being involved, that civil society has its voice, for us to participate in a very constructive manner to the debate.

– Sena Alouka, Director,
Permanent Okavango River Basin Water Commission

The World Bank’s expertise, convening power, and financial resources, as well as strong country relationships, puts CIWA in the ideal position to capitalize on opportunities to advance transboundary cooperation in Africa.


What have we accomplished?

CIWA clients have achieved a lot in little time and with few resources, while the demand for CIWA support continues to grow.
US$12.9 billion influenced so far
In its seven-year history, CIWA has influenced US$12.9 billion in potential and mobilized investments. This puts the program ahead of its target to influence US$10 billion by 2020.

CIWA has allocated 98% of its available funding, and current demand for support far exceeds current resources.Financial Overviewarrow

CIWA advances investments across Africa: